Nava-ratri’ is one of the most important Hindu festivals in the country. It is celebrated with immense zeal and enthusiasm all over the country. On the sixth day, the goddess is worshipped as Katyayani. Maa Katyayani has 3 eyes and 4 hands. She holds a sword in Her one left-hand and a lotus in another. The other 2 hands respectively show protecting and allowing actions.
The sixth manifestation of Goddess Durga worshipped on Navratri Shasti is ‘Katyayani’. The goddess is known as Katyayani because she was born to Sage Katyayan.
According to Hindu Mythology, it is believed that long time ago there was a renowned sage called ‘Maharashi Kat’. His son Rishi Katyayan was a great devotee of Devi Bhagwati (Durga) and performed eras of hard penance to delight her. The Goddess pleased with the hard penance of Katyayan then Rishi Katyayana prayed Goddess to take birth as his daughter. Maa Bhagwati accomplished his wish and took birth on the earth in the form of the daughter of Sage Katyayana.
After some time when cruelty of demon Mahisasur crossed the limitations, all devtas including Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh requested to Devi Durga to end the torment of Mahishashur. On Vijadashami she killed Mahishasura and freed all the gods from his atrocities.
Goddess Katyayani is worshipped with the chant of following Mantra
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ कात्यायनी रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:1।।
Goddess Katyayani eliminates all the troubles and sufferings from the life of her devotees. The devotee feels a strong sense of enlightenment by worshipping her.
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